Have you been tasked with designing a warehouse pallet racking system for your facility and don’t know where to start? Are you moving into a new building and need help designing a warehouse storage solution?
In our extensive experience consulting with customers from all different industries, we find that clients will often spend time attempting to design their pallet racking system prior to meeting with us. While it never hurts to come into a meeting with extra information, we find that utilizing a team of experts from the beginning will help to save you and your company valuable time while ensuring you get the best solution to fit your warehouse.
Not only can we quickly provide a pallet racking design for your facility, we have the necessary resources to make sure our design is correctly engineered and abides by industry standards and regulations. Knowing how each of these considerations apply to your facility will help you to be prepared, educated, and confident going into your first pallet racking system design consultation.
7 things to consider when designing a warehouse pallet racking system
When designing a new pallet racking system, keep reading 7 things you need to know about warehouse workflows, features, and limitations.
1. Pallet size and type
Pallet load and dimensions (length, height, width) are the basic measurement values that need to be paid attention to when designing the layout of the pallet racking system. The industry standard pallet size (1m*1.2m) is the common size for most systems. Pallet size information will help determine the system size, the width of the shelf depends on the size of the pallet.
In the following situations, the type of pallet item may affect the type of pallet racking system required:
Requires specific environmental conditions
Fragile and cannot be stacked
Date sensitive/has an expiration date
2. Pickup rate
If the shelf life of your products is not sensitive to dates, you can apply the LIFO system to optimize warehouse space. For example, the drive-in rack system can make the warehouse utilization rate up to 80%
3. SKU / number of pallets
The number of SKUs in the facility and the number of pallets per SKU play an important role in determining the type of pallet racking system you may need. Facilities with only one pallet per SKU can use selective pallet racking because it allows SKU variability while making them easily accessible.
Facilities with multiple pallets per SKU may wish to use a higher density storage system, such as drive-in or push-back pallet racking.
4. Warehouse environment
The price of your shelf system will fluctuate based on the type of environment your product requires. Products can be stored in a variety of different environments, including:
Cold (freezer or cooler) temperature
Ambient temperature (the product does not need a specific temperature)
Environmental environment is the warehouse temperature is not a key factor in maintaining product integrity. Cold storage environments usually store food or other perishable items at low temperatures, while temperature-controlled warehouses usually store items such as medicines and cigars, where the temperature is kept within an acceptable range to maintain product integrity.
Environments where temperature is not important will have less associated costs. But pallet racking systems in cold environments have the highest additional costs because they require:
Long installation time-workers cannot stay in the refrigerator for a long time
Strategic settings-because refrigerator/freezer storage space is more expensive, strategic planning is required to ensure optimal storage space
5. Building structure
The racking system is designed to update an existing building or install it in a new building. Other important considerations regarding the structure of the building include:
Column spacing-you need to know the location of the building’s support columns and their spacing from each other in order to "bury" them in the space between the back-to-back racks
Indoor ceiling height-this will tell us how high your columns and beams can be
Available warehouse space
6. Material handling equipment in the facility
The type of material handling equipment used to retrieve pallets in your facility (forklift, forklift, or manual picker) and its size are related to determining the width of the aisle and the number of rack rows suitable for the warehouse.
For example, a standard counterbalanced forklift requires an industry standard aisle longer than three meters, while manual pickers can pass through a narrower aisle. It is ideal to design a warehouse with as narrow aisles as possible because it can provide the most storage space.
7. Seismic activity
Whether your facility is located in an area with frequent/severe seismic activity will affect the type of materials and support required for the system. If your facility is located in a seismically active area, the pallet racking system will require higher specifications of steel (usually structural steel is required because rolled steel is weaker), wider/larger footrests and additional anchors.
Basically, the more seismic activity in your area, the more structural integrity your system needs to adapt to seismic motion, which will increase the price of your racking system.
We hope this article will help you understand the pallet racking needs of your facility and become more comfortable when having educated conversations with experts. In summary, 7 things to consider before consulting pallet racking are:
Pallet size and type
Inventory retrieval order
Building structure considerations
Material handling equipment in your factory
Our warehousing solutions department is committed to providing complete, custom-designed warehousing solutions. Our talented and experienced team consists of technicians, system installers, project engineers, project managers, and a wide range of sales and support personnel.
During our consultation process, our experts will spend a few days with the personnel supervising your facility to ensure that we understand every detail needed to effectively design a pallet racking system. If you are interested in knowing more information or want to arrange a consultation, please contact us with a shelf expert.
Our friendly and knowledgeable sales staff is ready to discuss your requirement and send you a prompt professional quotation. We’re just a click away at [email protected] or Whatsapp/Wechat/Skype +8613119569934. Let us help answer your questions.